Rancho Cucamonga was a 13,045-acre (20.383 sq mi; 52.79 km) Mexican land grant in present-day San Bernardino County, California, provided in 1839 to the dedicated soldier, smuggler and politician Tiburcio Tapia by Mexican guv Juan Bautista Alvarado. The grant formed parts of contemporary California cities Rancho Cucamonga and Upland. It extended easterly from San Antonio Creek to what is now Hermosa Avenue, and from today's Eighth Street to the mountains.
The Mission San Gabriel developed the Rancho Cucamonga as a website for grazing their cattle. In 1839, the rancho was given by the Mexican governor of California to Tiburcio Tapia, a wealthy Los Angeles merchant.
With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-- American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo offered that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Cucamonga was submitted with the Public Land Commission in 1852, and the grant was patented to Leon V. Prudhomme in 1872.
Rancho Cucamonga was sold in 1858 to John Rains. Rains in 1856 married Maria Merced Williams, the daughter of Rancho Santa Ana del Chino owner Isaac Williams and granddaughter of Antonio Maria Lugo, owner of Rancho San Bernardino. Maria was hence a wealthy heiress, and Rains purchased 3 ranchos and the Bella Union Hotel in Los Angeles. John Rains was killed on November 17, 1862. Three males consisting of Tomas Procopio Bustamante were accused however just Manuel Ceredel was captured. Ceredel claimed he, Precopio and four others were paid $500 by Ramon Carrillo, another ranchero and political challenger, to eliminate Rains. Ceradel was convicted of trying to murder the constable's deputy who jailed him and was sentenced to 10 years in San Quentin. As the constable took Ceredel on a boat to San Francisco, a group of vigilantes lynched Ceredel. Carrillo was analyzed in court two times and was released, no proof having been found against him. Ramon Carrillo constantly maintained his innocence of the criminal offense, but he was shot in the back from ambush and killed on the Los Angeles road west of Cucamonga on May 21, 1864 in another unsolved murder.
Maria Merced married José Carrillo in 1864. She had 9 children in all: five with Rains, and 4 with Carrillo. Isaias W. Hellman, a Los Angeles lender, and a San Francisco company distribute acquired the 13,045 acres (52.79 km) Rancho Cucamonga at a sheriff's sale in 1871. Hellman and his partners, which included former Governor John Downey, subdivided the land. Hellman continued to make port and sweet Angelica wine from Cucamonga's legendary vineyard. Tapia had first planted grapes in 1839 and Rains had increased the vineyard to 150 acres (0.61 km) in 1859.
Chaffey established an irrigation nest which he called Ontario, after his homeland of Ontario, Canada. The northern part of Chaffey's Ontario colony became the city of Upland, incorporated in 1906.
In 1977 3 unincorporated communities which had actually emerged on the old ranch lands-- Alta Loma, Cucamonga and Etiwanda-- became the city of Rancho Cucamonga.
Marker at Cucamonga Winery site reads:
The grant formed parts of present-day California cities Rancho Cucamonga and Upland. The Mission San Gabriel developed the Rancho Cucamonga as a site for grazing their cattle. In 1839, the rancho was given by the Mexican governor of California to Tiburcio Tapia, a rich Los Angeles merchant. Rancho Cucamonga was sold in 1858 to John Rains. Rains in 1856 married Maria Merced Williams, the daughter of Rancho Santa Ana del Chino owner Isaac Williams and granddaughter of Antonio Maria Lugo, owner of Rancho San Bernardino.Source
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